Denver’s Affordable Housing Displaces Low-Income Residents
Denver, CO – When traveling through downtown Denver, it is impossible to go a few blocks without seeing construction projects for new apartment buildings. Some may see these new developments as necessary improvements for an up-and-coming booming hipster city, however the ones who are being involuntarily displaced feel differently.
On May 19th, 2016, Denver hosted its annual summit on affordable housing called “Bridging the Gap: A Solutions Forum on Housing,” which according to the Office of Economic Development’s website, “brings together up to 500 housing leaders from across the Denver region to plan collaborative action on innovative approaches to housing affordability.”
Prior to the summit, members of Denver Homeless Out Loud, People Rising Against Poverty, and other local organizations advocating for basic human rights for people experiencing poverty and homelessness, filled out scholarship applications with the hopes of sharing their personal experiences with the rising housing costs and the rapid gentrification occurring in Denver. Evidently the summit did not want to hear from the people who are truly affected—they only offered five scholarships and the tickets cost $50 each. Out of the eight members who applied for scholarships, only four received them, so the others had to pay the expensive fee.
Terese Howard of Denver Homeless Out Loud stated that
“This event concerned ‘affordable’ housing and we were some of the only people at this 500 person event who actually need the ‘affordable’ housing.”
According to “The Self-Sufficiency Standard For Colorado 2015” report by Colorado Center on Law and Policy, the cost of living across the state has outpaced wages by a ratio of 3:1 over the last fourteen years. Much of this increase is from a lack of truly affordable housing where the average rental unit in Denver rests at a prohibitively high average of $1,291 per month, following double-digit percentage growth year after year. To afford this average rental price in the Denver metro area, renters need to make $35 an hour, or almost four and a half times Colorado’s minimum wage. Thus increasing and fueling the cycle of poverty and homelessness for many Denver residents.
Prior to entering the building where the event took place, a couple members of Denver Homeless Out Loud were targeted by security:
“Security immediately stopped them and asked them what they were doing there. They explained they had tickets waiting for them inside. The director of the Office of Economic Development, who was the principle organizer for the event, got involved and informed them that they did not want any disruptions at this event because it was supposed to be a productive event,” Terese explains.
Marcus Harris, one of the members who was immediately harassed, explains his disparaging experience:
“I believe it is necessary, and unfortunate, to have to call attention to my physical appearance: I am a dark-skinned Black male, 6ft tall and over 200lbs. Moreover, on the morning in question, I was intentional about ignoring the event’s ‘suggested’ business casual dress requirement. I was also armed with two cardboard boxes ominously labeled Office Depot.
And so it was that upon my approach to the entrance at Sturm Hall, I was immediately set upon by Julianne L. Stern of the Denver Office of Economic Development’s Housing and Neighborhoods Division. Without much ceremony, but with a ‘smile,’ she informed me that that the DU campus was a private institution and that the day’s event was therefore a private affair. After I made reference to my pre-arranged registration credentials, I was interrogated in regard to the nature of my employer’s business. All the while folks dressed according to code, most of whom looked nothing like me, sailed freely in and out of the front doors at Sturm Hall.
I was informed that – if allowed to attend – I would not be allowed to distribute whatever I had in those cardboard boxes.
Weary, angry and still under duress, I walked past the redoubtable Ms. Stern and inside the rarified air of Sturm Hall to register. While I searched for my nametag, set upon from behind by Ron Padilla, the Director of the Denver Office of Economic Development. Somehow I was singled-out for his attention, though the lobby in general – and the registration tables in particular – were densely packed with attendees.
Without much ceremony, but with a ‘smile,’ I was informed that no ‘disruption’ would be permitted during the event ‘because we’re trying to get something accomplished here.’ Again I was informed that I would not be allowed to distribute whatever was in those cardboard boxes.
Name tag in place, I noticed several colleagues gathering outside the entrance to Sturm Hall, so I went to join them, cardboard boxes in hand, to report what my experience had been so far. We had just enough time to greet and exchange pleasantries before I found myself flanked by two uniformed law enforcement- types. The spokesman for the pair appeared to be a Denver Police Sergeant. The other: DU campus security. We were informed with a ‘smile’ that the University of Denver is a private institution officially exercising its right to deny us permission to distribute whatever was in those cardboard boxes to any attendees of the Summit nor to any students of the University of Denver.
The call went out for attendees to gather in the auditorium. At that moment I had to take a cell phone call in the lobby from my supervisor, so I was among the last to be seated for the introductory presentation. Ultimately, I found seat in absolute left-hand corner of the first row next to an auxiliary exit door. There was already a security officer in uniform standing by the door. After I was seated, this officer was immediately joined by another in plainclothes.”
In Colorado, affordable housing is typically defined as paying no more than 30% of gross income for housing including utilities. In 2010, 47% of all renter households were paying more than 30% of their income toward housing, and of these rent-burdened households, 51% had family incomes of less than $20,000 per year, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Nearly three months ago at the Denver stop of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s “Prosperity Playbook” community tour, HUD Secretary Julian Castro told The Denver Post,
“Gentrification pressures are among the most difficult for cities to address as they try to revitalize neighborhoods and keep them affordable.”
Denver’s Mayor Michael Hancock added
“You also want to make sure those communities remain places where those folks who want to stay and call those neighborhoods home can remain there.”
Castro and Hancock are two major players in the intensifying gentrification and push-out of communities who are no longer able to afford to live in their neighborhoods due to the new “affordable” housing projects. When Castro mentions that cities, including Denver, “try to revitalize neighborhoods,” what he actually means is as they try to replace neighborhoods. Denver prefers and systemically manipulates into existence the immense waves of new people crashing the city who are willing to dish out nearly a grand a month for rent. By encouraging and permitting all of the massive developments of “affordable” housing, which are actually meant to house the economically well-off, the city is expressing its disdain for people experiencing homelessness and poverty. Denver would rather sweep and push away the people who are in need of truly affordable housing to make way for the people with money to spare to fill the city’s pockets.
As stated in the newly-released “Gentrification Study: Mitigating Involuntary Displacement” done by Denver’s Office of Economic Development,
“Mayor Michael B. Hancock’s vision for Denver is to deliver a world-class city where everyone matters… The revitalization of disenfranchised neighborhoods is a result of both public and private investment and will be a critical test of how we, as a city, implement the Mayor’s vision.”
Mayor Hancock, his entire administration, the Office of Economic Development, and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development are guilty of instituting and approving projects and policies which directly cause involuntary displacement, which proves that while the mayor apparently strives for a “city where everyone matters,” if you are someone with no to little money, he in fact does not value you and has in reality ordered the sweeping of you from public space.
Westword recently published an article providing strong evidence of the increased sweeps of such people the city deems undesirable.
“Since the sweeps began along Park Avenue West on March 8, homeless individuals have described being chased around the city by police officers, who cite Denver’s urban camping-ban ordinance when prohibiting them from sleeping under cover anywhere in public spaces — including places like the South Platte River.
Now open-records data obtained by Westword through the Denver Police Department backs up their claims.The numbers released by the department show that enforcement of the urban-camping ban in March and April of this year was up nearly 500 percent compared to enforcement over the previous 45 months.
In fact, the first four months of 2016 account for 28 percent of all camping-ban enforcement actions taken during the almost four years of the ordinance’s existence. From January through April, there were 1,972 documented cases of people approached by officers because they were in violation of the ordinance.”
According to the 2015 Point-In-Time-Report by Metro Denver Homeless Initiative, which has been known to be a low estimate, there were nearly 4,000 people experiencing homelessness in the Denver metro area, nearly 600 being veterans.
In 2014, The Denver Post investigated homeless students and found that there were over 23,000 homeless children enrolled in Colorado schools.
These numbers of people experiencing homelessness will exponentially rise as long as the priorities of the people in power remain the same—making room for the newcomers who can afford the “revitalized” neighborhoods.
The members of Denver Homeless Out Loud, People Rising Against Poverty, and the other organizations who attended the housing summit came up with the following list of demands for the city:
1) We want the most impacted populations at the policy table: Low-income, people of color, currently, formerly or on the verge of homelessness, veterans, people with disabilities and criminal backgrounds, seniors, families, youth, LGBTQIA, immigrants and refugees.
2) Development Without Displacement: We, as residents of Denver, have a choice when it comes to economic development. We can choose economic development that prioritizes community integrity, access to truly affordable housing, affordable transit, particularly for low-income passengers, and free child care. Or, we can choose economic development that prioritizes luxury condos, gentrification, and the displacement and exclusion of thousands of people from the city core. Between “blight” and gentrification, there is a middle path of development.
3) Homes For All People. Housing is a human right.
Stephen Polk of People Rising Against Poverty added
“It must also be noted that JP Morgan Chase and Wells Fargo were sponsors of the [housing summit.] Anyone familiar with the housing crisis that brought about the Great Recession knows that these two banks were some of the biggest culprits. Not only did they sell thousands of subprime mortgages, which initiated the crisis in the first place, they also engaged in a highly illegal campaign of foreclosures after the crisis. These businesses have no business in providing housing. They are criminals.”
Unicorn Riot coverage on Denver’s housing crisis:
- Sit-in at Denver Recreation Center Leads to Meeting with City (March 23, 2022)
- Unhoused Community & Advocates Take Over Denver Recreation Center (March 10, 2022)
- Federal Judge Rules Denver Cannot Conduct Sweeps Without At Least 48-Hour Written Notice (Jan. 30, 2021)
- Seven Arrested at Action Against Houseless Sweeps (Nov. 20, 2020)
- Unhoused Residents Find Refuge at Downtown Vigil (Oct. 17, 2020)
- Denver Housing Advocates Launch 5256-Minute Vigil at City Hall (Oct. 14, 2020)
- Denver ‘Clean-ups’ Displace 100+ Unhoused Residents Amid Health Crisis (April 30, 2020)
- Housing First Advocates Protest USICH Director Marbut’s Visit to Denver (Feb. 21, 2020)
- Denver Police Cash In on Houseless Encampment Clean-Ups (Feb. 5, 2020)
- Judge Rules Denver’s Camping Ban Unconstitutional, Dismisses Jerry Burton’s Ban Ticket (Jan. 3, 2020)
- Advocates Demand Denver Protect Rights of People Without Homes (Oct. 21, 2019)
- Denver’s ‘Right to Survive’ Ballot Initiative Voted Down (May 9, 2019)
- “Unhealthy By Design:” CU Denver’s New Report About Camping Ban (April 13, 2019)
- Denver Paid Clean-Up Company $400,000 to Help in Houseless Sweeps (Nov. 27, 2018)
- Denver Police, City Workers Throw Away Belongings Amid Lawsuit (July 16, 2018)
- Class-Action Against Denver for Criminalizing Houselessness Moves Forward (May 11, 2018)
- Fourth Push for Homeless Bill of Rights in Colorado Legislature (March 14, 2018)
- First Lawsuit Hearing for Mobile Home Park Residents Suing Park Owners (March 2, 2018)
- Denver’s First Tiny Home Village ‘Beloved Community Village’ Turns Six Months Old (January 19, 2018)
- Denver Park Rangers Take Sleeping Bag, Tent from Houseless Man in 25 Degree Weather (November 12, 2017)
- Eighty Families Offer to Purchase Mobile Home Park to Avoid Eviction (September 25, 2017)
- Denver Human Rights Activist and Community Organizer, Terese Howard, Faces Up to 30 Days in Jail (August 24, 2017)
- Class-Action Lawsuit Against Denver: Motions Filed for Summary Judgement (August 15, 2017)
- U.S. District Court of CO Certifies One of the Largest Houseless Class-Actions in U.S. History (April 29, 2017)
- Three Convicted in Camping Ban Trial Two Weeks Ahead of Right to Rest Act Hearing (April 18, 2017)
- Three Co-Defendants Fight Denver’s Camping Ban in Court (April 4, 2017)
- Third Push for Homeless Bill of Rights in Colorado Legislature (Feb. 24, 2017)
- With Mayor’s Approval, Denver Continues Survival Gear Confiscations (Dec. 16, 2016)
- Denver to Continue Confiscating Survival Gear of Unhoused Under Encumbrance Ordinance, to Stop Under Camping Ban (Dec. 11, 2016)
- Denver Intensifies Sweeps of Unhoused Community and Confiscates Survival Gear; Parade of Rights Rally (Dec. 4, 2016)
- First Hearing in Class-Action Against Denver for Violating Human Rights (Oct. 14, 2016)
- Class-Action Lawsuit Against Denver: Motion Filed for Recusal of Judge Shaffer (Sept. 22, 2016)
- People Without Housing File Lawsuit Against the City of Denver (Aug. 27, 2016)
- Denver’s Affordable Housing Displaces Low-Income Residents (June 20, 2016)
- City of Denver Cracks Down on its Homeless Community (Dec. 20, 2015)
- Homeless Forced Out of Tents and into Snowstorm by Denver Police (Dec. 16, 2015)
- Resurrection Village: Denver Police Destroy Tiny Homes and Arrest Builders (Oct. 27, 2015)